Pushed and Consented: Rights in Childbirth?purchase printed booklet or make an optional donation and view flipbook online.


Kolodji v. Board of Registered Nursing
Superior Court of the State of California for the County of San Francisco
Brief of Amicus Curiae

Webster v. Delaware Board of Medical Licensure and Discipline
Supreme Court in the State of Delaware
Brief of Amicus Curiae
Appendix I
Appendix II

Rinat Dray v. Staten Island University Hospital, et. al.
Supreme Court of the State of New York County of Kings
Brief of Amicus Curiae

Mitchell v. Brooks
Supreme Court of Virginia
Brief of Amicus Curiae

Washington v. McMillen
Supreme Court of the State of Washington
Motion for Leave to File Amicus Curiae Brief
Brief of Amicus Curiae


Human Rights in Childbirth

The mission of Human Rights in Childbirth (HRiC) is to clarify and promote the fundamental human rights of pregnant people. Members of the Birth Rights Bar Association are part of the Human Rights in Childbirth international network of legal and grassroots advocates, and will be invited to participate in Human Rights in Childbirth international conferences. Their website is a great source for key concepts in universal rights related to childbirth, and country-specific data and contacts.

National Advocates for Pregnant Women

NAPW seeks to protect the rights and human dignity of all women, particularly pregnant and parenting women and those who are most vulnerable including low income women, women of color, and drug-using women. NAPW lawyers are founding members of the Birth Rights Bar Association. NAPW is the national clearinghouse of essential information on case law, legislation, and social science data regarding the war on abortion and the war on drugs especially as it applies to pregnant and laboring women. They have a brief bank, fact sheets, and other documents available on their website and they are an invaluable resource.

Improving Birth

Improving Birth's mission is to bring evidence-based care and humanity to childbirth. With a network of thousands of consumer activists in over 150 cities across the country, they mobilize annually on Labor Day to raise awareness about these critical issues, in the Rally to Improve Birth.  IB helped spur the Birth Rights Bar Association into being, pushed by the urgent need from consumers all over the U.S. in desperate need of legal answers and resources. They work hand in hand with the BRBA, providing information, support, and on-the-ground resources to consumers about their rights in childbirth.

Evidence Based Birth

Evidence Based Birth is a website designed to put the evidence about birth back in the hands of the people who need it the most: women and families. Their evidence-based publications are written in the language of providers, but so that lay people can also understand. This is great resource for understanding the data behind some key issues like vaginal birth after cesarean, induction, routine care versus evidence-based care and more.

From Calling to Courtroom

This is a survival guide for midwives facing legal prosecution, developed by a team that includes midwife Valerie Runes whose own trial led her to become a lawyer. While it is a decade old, it is still relevant, and provides a great starting point for midwives facing prosecution, or their attorneys who are new to the issue.

Childbirth Connection

A core program of the National Partnership for Women & Families, and founded in 1918, its mission is to improve the quality and value of maternity care through consumer engagement and health system transformation. Their website houses extensive research and surveys including the Listening To Mothers series of surveys, the Transforming Maternity Care Project, and Maternity Care and Liability: Pressing Problems, Substantive Solutions and related fact sheets.

Midwives Alliance of North America

MANA s a professional midwifery association for the range of midwives that practice in the United States. Their website is a great resource for information about the Midwifery Model of Care, health care policy related to midwifery, and the legal status of the types of credentialed midwives in the United States. Through them you can also find information about other organizations related to midwifery regulation, like MEAC, and NARM.

American College of Nurse-Midwives

ACNM is the professional association for CNMs. ACNM works to establish midwifery as the standard of care for women. Their website is a great resource for information about practice standards for CNMs, workforce data, clinical bulletins and issue briefs.